Consider Your Hardiness Zone: Colorado has a range of hardiness zones due to its diverse geography and varying elevations. Determine your specific hardiness zone to select plants that are well-suited to your area and can withstand the local climate conditions.
Pay Attention to Sun and Wind Exposure: Colorado’s high elevation and abundant sunshine can result in intense sunlight and strong winds. Choose plants that can tolerate full sun and wind exposure or create windbreaks to protect more delicate plants.
Opt for Native and Drought-Tolerant Plants: Native plants are adapted to Colorado’s climate and require less water and maintenance. They are generally more resistant to pests and diseases as well. Look for native species such as Rocky Mountain penstemon, Colorado blue columbine, and blanketflower.
Amend the Soil: Colorado’s soils are often alkaline and lacking in organic matter. Before planting, amend the soil with compost or well-rotted manure to improve its fertility, moisture retention, and drainage.
Practice Water-Wise Gardening: Water conservation is crucial in Colorado due to its arid climate. Install drip irrigation systems or soaker hoses to deliver water directly to the roots, minimizing evaporation. Water deeply and infrequently to encourage plants to develop deep root systems.